Global Climatic Change Affecting The Water Cycle

ISMAIL SERAGELDIN, FORMER VICE PRESIDENT FOR SPECIAL PROGRAMS OF THE WORLD BANK WARNED IN 1995: “IF THE WARS OF THIS CENTURY WERE FOUGHT OVER OIL, THE WARS OF THE NEXT CENTURY WILL BE FOUGHT OVER WATER.” Climate Change In truth, “the challenge of freshwater scarcity and ecosystem depletion is rapidly emerging as one of the defining fulcrums of world politics and hu- man civilization. A century of unprecedented freshwater abundance is being eclipsed by a new age characterized by acute disparities in water wealth, chronic insufficiencies, and deteriorating environmental sustainability across many of the most heavily populated parts of the planet. Just as oil conflicts played a central role in defining the history of the 1900s, the struggle to command increasingly scarce, usable water resources will set to shape the destinies of societies and the world order of the twenty-first century. Water is overtaking oil as the world’s scarcest critical natural resource. But water is more than the new oil. Oil, in the end, is substitutable; but water’s uses are pervasive, irreplaceable by any other substance, and utterly indispensable” (Solomon, 2010, p. 367). Proponents of the realist theory of political science would argue that Serageldin is correct and that in [...]