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The popular belief is that “Lean” is a tool that is only used to enhance a “manufacturing” process. Its suitability in food, health, service, government, sales, among other business enterprises has for long been perceived as inappropriate and misaligned, to say the least. However, it appears Lean Thinking can be quite successful in such enterprises if the recent results are anything to go by. The construction industry, which includes building and facility development as well as shipbuilding have for long steered clear of the Lean initiative. It is, however, emerging that it is about time we started exploring how Lean Thinking can be successfully applied in these business enterprises. At Lean Learning Center we had the privilege of engaging with a luxury yacht manufacturing company. The company would complete 2-6 custom-made luxury yachts in a year for a small select global market. We were to help them in reducing costs through enhancing labor efficiencies of over 400 shipbuilding workers. We were to help them deliver the ships in time as well. Cost of Waiting The cost of waiting emerged as the number one enemy of productivity and efficiency inevery segment. Lean Thinking found its importance during the assembly process design. [...]