FATCA, the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act was passed in 2010, and has since gone into effect as of 2014. The law requires all foreign financial institutions to report information to the United States government regarding U.S. account holders. Those institutions that fail to do so face penalties of up to a 30% sanction on funds transfers from the United States. With such steep penalties on the table, many foreign financial institutions have already signed up to comply with the law. In fact, over 100 countries have signed an Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) to comply with FATCA requirements.